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Stroke中风

Updated: May 1, 2020


Stroke中风

What is stroke?

According to World Health Organization (WHO), stroke is defined as a rapidly developing clinical signs of focal (or global) disturbance of cerebral function, with symptoms lasting 24 hours or longer or leading to death, with no apparent cause other than of vascular origin.

什么是中风?

根据世界卫生组织(WHO),如果脑部的血流被阻断,脑组织得不到氧气和营养物质的供给时,就会造成脑组织受损,我们称之为中风。症状将持续24小时或更长时间或导致死亡,原因除了来自于血管外, 并无其他明显的原因。

Type of stroke:

  1. Transient ischemic attack (TIA) - temporarily blocks blood flow to your brain and the symptoms last for less than 24 hours.

  2. Ischemic stroke occurs when a blood clot keeps blood from flowing to your brain.

  3. Haemorrhagic stroke occurs when a blood vessel in your brain ruptures or breaks, spilling blood into the surrounding tissues.

中风类型:

  1. 短暂性脑缺血发作(TIA) - 暂时阻止血液流向大脑,症状持续不到24小时。

  2. 当血凝块阻止血液流入大脑时,就会发生缺血性中风。

  3. 当您的大脑中的血管破裂或破裂,血液流入周围组织时,就会发生出血性中风。

Symptoms:

  • Below are some of the symptoms that faced by stroke patients.

  • Different people with different symptoms, depend on which part of brain is affected.

  1. Speech and understanding problem

  2. Paralysis, weakness or numbness of your face, arm and leg.

  3. Blurred or blackened vision in one or both eyes, or double vision

  4. Headache accompanied by vomiting, dizziness or altered consciousness

  5. Loss of balance, coordination and gait problem

  6. Difficulty talking or swallowing

  7. Memory loss or difficulty thinking, making judgments, reasoning and understanding concepts.

  8. Emotional problems (example depression)

  9. Pain, numbness or other strange sensations may occur in the parts of the body affected by stroke.

  10. Sensitive to temperature changes, especially extreme cold, after a stroke

  11. Changes in behavior and self-care ability. (Become more withdrawn and less social. They may need help with grooming and daily chores.)

症状:

  • 以下是中风患者面临的一些症状。

  • 不同症状的人,取决于大脑的哪个部分受到影响。

  1. 言语和理解问题

  2. 面部,手臂和腿部的瘫痪,虚弱或麻木。

  3. 单眼或双眼视力模糊或变黑,或复视

  4. 头痛伴有呕吐,头晕或意识改变

  5. 失去平衡,协调和步态问题

  6. 难以说话或吞咽

  7. 记忆丧失或思考困难,做出判断,推理和理解概念。

  8. 情绪问题(例如抑郁症)

  9. 受中风影响的身体部位可能会出现疼痛,麻木或其他奇怪的感觉。

  10. 中风后对温度变化敏感,特别是极度寒冷

  11. 行为和自我保健能力的变化。 (变得更加孤僻,更少社交。他们可能需要帮助梳理和日常琐事。)

Risk factors:

  1. Overweight or obese

  2. Physical inactivity

  3. Heavy or binge drinking

  4. Use of illicit drugs such as cocaine and methamphetamines

  5. Blood pressure readings higher than 120/80 millimetres of mercury (mm Hg)

  6. Cigarette smoking or exposure to second-hand smoke

  7. High cholesterol

  8. Diabetes

  9. Obstructive sleep apnoea

  10. Cardiovascular disease(heart failure, heart defects, heart infection or abnormal heart rhythm)

  11. Personal or family history of stroke, heart attack or transient ischemic attack.

风险因素:

  1. 超重或肥胖

  2. 缺乏身体活动

  3. 沉重或狂饮

  4. 使用可卡因和甲基苯丙胺等非法药物

  5. 血压读数高于120/80毫米汞柱(mm Hg)

  6. 吸烟或接触二手烟

  7. 高胆固醇

  8. 糖尿病

  9. 阻塞性睡眠呼吸暂停

  10. 心血管疾病(心力衰竭,心脏缺陷,心脏感染或心律异常)

  11. 中风,心脏病发作或短暂性脑缺血发作的个人或家族史。

How do you know that you are having stroke?

If you noticed that you are having problem above, please react fast and call ambulance.

According to study carried out by Lee, K.L et al, 2015, it had emphasizes the importance of first three month recovery period after stroke for better improvement in their condition. So, as soon as you are discharged from hospital, it is importance for you to go for rehabilitation in order to get a better recovery. Below is some of the professional that helps you in your stroke recovery especially after you discharged from hospital.

  1. Physiotherapy

  2. Occupational therapy

  3. Speech therapy

  4. Counselling

All this work in a team to provide a better recovery.

你怎么知道你中风了?

如果您发现上述问题,请快速反应并呼叫救护车。

根据Lee,K.L等人在2015年进行的研究,它强调了中风后前三个月恢复期的重要性,以便更好地改善其病情。 因此,一旦您出院,为了获得更好的康复,您需要进行康复治疗。 以下是一些专业人士,帮助您恢复中风,特别是在您出院后。

  1. 物理治疗

  2. 职业治疗

  3. 言语治疗

  4. 心里辅导

这些专业人士将中共同努力,以提供更好的康复率。

Stroke rehabilitation:

As a physiotherapist, we help you to retrain back your:

  1. Sensation

  2. Proprioception

  3. Balance

  4. Coordination

  5. Movement of upper and lower limb

  6. Gait

  7. Active daily living

中风康复:

作为物理治疗师,我们会帮助您重新培训你的:

  1. 感觉

  2. 本体感觉

  3. 平衡

  4. 协调

  5. 手脚的动作

  6. 走路

  7. 日常生活

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